Koi fishes are colored varieties of Amur Carp, which has the origin region of Europe and Asia. East Asian countries like China and Japan have a long-living history of keeping Koi fish. Furtherly, Koi are grown as decorative pets either in the ponds outside the house or within the interior homes. Usually, the Koi fishes are available in full colors ranging from red, black, orange, yellow, and blue. The presence of different Koi colors fishes gives an attractive look to the house. At present, about 13 varieties of Koi fishes are available in the market, among the most are recognized by the Japanese name.
Each variety of Koi fish is identified based on the color pattern and scalation. Gosanke is the most popular variety among the Koi fish variety. Since the Koi fishes belong to the carp family, it is widely seen in Asia and Central Europe. The carp variety fishes mostly live in cold water, and also it can adopt other climatic conditions. This ability made the koi fish pass in eastern countries like Japan and China. Let’s see some of the unknown truths you need to know about the history of koi fish.
Breeding History Of Koi Fish In Japan
During the 5th century BC of the Jin Dynasty, the Koi fishes are aquacultured as a food fish, and they mostly had the origin of East Asia. The farmers of Japan were the first to follow this aquaculture technique, which helped them survive in winter.
Later by the time of the 1820s, the Japanese followed selective breeding to color bred the Koi fishes, which then helped in the development of Koi. At first, they were able to produce only red color Magoi. With the help of repetitive selective breeding techniques, the Japanese have created other colored Koi fish types. They have seen the Koi as “Living Jewel,” which led to other discoveries in different Koi varieties.
The origin history of Koi fish starts from red-colored Magoi to Hi and Ki Bekkos. From the successful breeding of Asagi, led to the creation of white Koi. Furtherly, it led to the production of red-spotted white Koi. Also, the Japanese called colored Koi as the Kohaku. It was used for the selective breeding technique with Goshiki to create Shiro Bekkos and Sanke.
Until 1914, the rest of the world had no idea about the colored Koi fishes after when Niigata koi was featured Koi in the annual exposition that happened in Tokyo. Then the word Koi spread all over Japan and created a greater interest in keeping them. From the original Koi, a few other varieties of Koi fishes were bred, which had a single color, and some are like metallic. To know more specific details, see Koi fish facts.
From Japan, the rest of the world have started the hobby of keeping Koi fishes. By now, the Koi is available in all countries, mostly sold at pet aquarium shops, and the specialized dealers also sell some of the rare varieties of Koi fishes.
In China, many-colored Koi fishes are seen due to the natural color mutations of selective breeding. China followed this Selective breeding technique of carp fish for thousands of years. A likely method was used in Prussian carp to develop goldfish type.
Longest Lived Koi Fish History
We all may already know that the Koi Fishes have an average lifespan of about 30-40 years. With the help of healthy food and proper care, Koi may be able to survive for more than 200 years. One such Koi is Hanako and has lived for about 226 years. Hanako was hatched in the year 1751 and has ended its beautiful life in 1977.
Koi Keepers In Modern Time
Nowadays, people keep Koi fishes as their social hobby and also collect Koi from others. Koi Keepers also join the clubs to learn more about Koi and exchange their knowledge in keeping Koi fishes. Furtherly, these clubs help in showcasing their Koi to create an excellent platform for marketing the Koi.
The Japanese people see the Koi fish as their nation’s identity and believe that keeping Koi fish will bring good luck. The People of Japan would call the Koi fish as Jinli or Nishikigoi. The Japanese were the first to use the word Nishikigoi before 200 years. The Japanese meaning of Nishikigoi is “Swimming Jewel,” which named after the ancient name “Aya Nishiki.” The people of the Japanese would consider Aya Nishiki as a treasure which is made using the silk.
Most Japanese loving keeping Koi either in their garden or within the home. Also, Keeping Koi is passed from generation to generation in Japan. Moreover, Koi are peaceful and friendly with the owners. Now Kois is becoming a new peace symbol for the world. Countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong, and the Philippines use Koi fishes for interior courtyard ornamental purposes.